NCERT Removes Mughal History: UP Board students to follow NCERT's 'rationalised' syllabus from this session

NCERT Removes Mughal History: UP Board students to follow NCERT’s ‘rationalised’ syllabus from this session

PRAYAGRAJ: UP Board students between class 10 and 12 will study a ‘rationalised syllabus’, which will see the omission of certain chapters from the majority of subjects. These chapters include Mughal Court in History; The Cold War Era in civics; solid state and surface chemistry in chemistry and reproduction in organisms in biology.
Commenting on the changed syllabus, UP Board secretary, Dibyakant Shukla said that changes in the syllabus have been made by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) and since UP Board follows the books of NCERT, the students would be taught as per the changes made in the books for then Academic Session 2023-24.
The NCERT made these ‘rationalisation’ in the previous session, but the UP board is adopting them this year as it had a truncated syllabus for the board examinations last year.
The council says that the National Education Policy 2020, emphasises reducing the content load and providing opportunities for experiential learning with creative mindset. In this background, the NCERT undertook the exercise to rationalise the textbooks across all classes.
Some of the teachers of the UP Board, however, are of the opinion that the changes in syllabus concerning science subjects would have an adverse impact on students preparing for NEET as they will have to learn the same through coaching only.
Chapters now removed in class 12 history are ‘Kings and Chronicles; the Mughal Courts (C. 16th and 17th centuries)’ and colonial cities, urbanisation, town planning and understanding the partition (politics, memory and experiences).
Lessons regarding central Islamic lands, Confrontation of Cultures and the Industrial Revolution have been removed from Class 11 textbook, ‘Themes In World History’.
Similarly, chapters ‘US Hegemony in World Politics and The Cold War Era’ have also been completely dropped from the Class 12 Civics textbook.
Besides, ‘Politics in Indian since Independence’, ‘Rise of Popular Movements’ and ‘Eera of One Party Dominance’ have been omitted.
Similarly, lessons on ‘Democracy and Diversity’, ‘Popular Struggles and Movement’, ‘Challenges to Democracy’ have been removed from the Class 10 textbook, ‘Democratic Politics-II’.
Likewise, there have been major changes in biology, chemistry, physics and maths, too. Six chapters on solid state, surface chemistry, principles of extraction of elements, p-block elements, polymers and chemistry in daily life have been removed from class 12 chemistry book.
In class 12 Physics, topics including electric charges and fields, electrostatic potential and capacitance, current, electricity, moving charges and magnetism and matter, etc., have been removed.
Likewise, the topic on reproduction in organisms, strategy of growth in food and environment have been completely removed, while some topics of organisms and populations and ecosystems have been removed from class 12 biology textbook.
On the other hand, from the Chemistry book of class 11, the states of matter hydrogen, elements of s-block, elements of p block and environmental chemistry have been excluded. A lot of portions have also been removed from the lessons of Mathematics and Physics.
He added, the links of subject-wise rationalised syllabus for session 2023-24 made available by NCERT have been provided on the official website of UP Board—
In its disclaimer given in the beginning of new books, the council says: “The rationalisation has been done to avoid the overlapping with similar content included in other subject areas in the same class, similar content included in the lower or higher class in the same subject.”
Some of the content was removed due to its difficulty level, it says, adding “besides, content, which is easily accessible to students without much intervention from teachers and can be learned by children through self-learning or peer-learning, was also dropped.” Content, which is irrelevant in the present context, the council concludes.

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