education

AI – The Next Big Thing For Edtech

The advent of new technologies and the constant up-gradation of software have dramatically transformed the education sector. In the past, it was the introduction of computers in primary and secondary schools that spurred a revolution. Today, desktops and laptops, overhead projectors, electronic whiteboards, television and video conferencing have become commonplace in classrooms. Schools and colleges are always on the lookout for innovative technologies in the classroom to make learning fun and engaging. AI is one of the major game-changers in the world of education.

A multitude of edtech solutions have cropped up in the recent past, but one of the most exciting technologies that left an indelible impression on education is artificial intelligence (AI). AI along with machine learning (ML) has the capacity to pinpoint each student’s educational needs in a classroom and comprehend different learning styles, material, and the pace at which students learn. Humanoid robots replacing teachers is yet to materialise in real life, it is AI that is revolutionising education and helping students get more out of their educational experience.

AI tools are developed for three types of applications in the education industry: pedagogical, subject domain and learning. This means that AI is learning how to teach effectively, understand the subject being taught and offers a complete analysis of the student’s knowledge-state graph. Here are a few ways in which AI is redefining education:

Assisted grading

AI

The significant rise in the number of students in a classroom has made the process of grading papers and assessing students a tedious and time-consuming activity for teachers. With AI-assisted software, grading papers and exams become more efficient and accurate. There are tools that leverage AI to do basic editings like correcting grammar, spelling and sentence construction, saving effort and time. AI can read the student’s answer, compare it with the answer key and either assigns the point or marks. AI can alert the teacher if an answer needs to be reviewed. All these have enabled pedagogues to review the results, identify the areas where a student is struggling and focus more on in-class activities and student interaction than grading.

Personalised learning

Personalised learning is the need of the hour. AI enables students to master content at their own pace. It also offers adaptive learning, which quantifies the student’s knowledge of different topics accurately through the Item Response Theory (IRT). IRT asks students a mid-level question and based on the response, the difficulty level of the next question and the subsequent ones are modified.

Another component of adaptive learning technology is Knowledge Space Theory (KST), which mimics a teacher’s understanding of students’ learning gaps and requirements accurately. AI closely monitors the performance and learning pattern of a student. After which the data is fed into the adaptive platform. This insight, when coupled with improved language capabilities, sets the stage for personalised AI tutors. Bots coach the students towards the desired learning goal, answers questions and provide feedback.

Curated curriculum

AI can help teachers curate a curriculum that helps to meet individual needs. It is also providing feedback about the overall success of the course. This helps teachers break free from the ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach. AI-curated curriculum can help shift from progressing linearly through chapters or topics to navigating through an expertly designed web of content. This, along with other emerging technologies such as virtual reality, will help to revolutionise education immensely. Immersive interactive worlds can make complex subjects more relatable and easier to grasp for the students.

One of the biggest bone of contention in education is AI will obliterate the need for teachers in the classrooms. Artificial Intelligence is helping eliminate the drudgery out of teaching and automating as well as expediting administrative tasks. Facilitating teachers to spend more time working with students to hone their skills. As Artificial Intelligence advances, a shift from the old-school, classroom-based approach towards learning is inevitable. AI is sure to make education interesting, engaging and enjoyable for all students. The K-12 sector in India is finally embracing the diverse possibilities of AI and adaptive learning. The advancements in AI learning models is sure to assist all stakeholders in performing their tasks better. These tasks may be in pedagogy or administration and help the country leapfrog in the field of education.

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