Education is one of the most important components out of various components of social infrastructure in India. Well educated and properly trained manpower can accelerate the pace of economic development of a country. The Education System in India is getting better with time but it still faces some major problems.
Problems in Education System:
Despite best efforts, our educational development still remains at a low level and faces many problems.
Following are the major problems faced in the progress of education:
1. Lack of Funds is One of the Major Problems:
The lack of sufficient funding is a major problem in the development of education system as a whole. Due to insufficient funds, most educational institutions lack infrastructure, science labs and equipment, qualified teaching faculty, and libraries, etc. Due to this reason, the desired results cannot be achieved.
2. Expensive Higher Education:
University, professional and technical education has become quite costly in India. Fee structure of technical and professional institutes like IIM’s is quite high. IIM’s charge Rs. 2 lakh per semester for MBA classes. It is beyond the reach of a common man. Privatization of higher education institutes has led to the growth of profit-hungry entrepreneurs. These days, higher education is a costly affair.
3. Neglect of Indian Languages:
The medium of instruction, particularly in science subjects is English and that is becoming a barrier for students in some parts of the country. Rural students who are not well versed in English, face problems in such subjects. Standard publications are not available in Indian languages.
4. The Problem of Brain Drain:
When intelligent, talented and deserving candidates do not get suitable jobs in their home country, they prefer to go abroad for jobs. So our country is being deprived of good talent. This phenomenon is called ‘Brain drain’.
5. Mass Illiteracy:
Despite constitutional directives, economic planning, and other initiatives, we are not able to achieve a cent percent literacy. Even now 35 percent of people remain illiterate. In India, the illiteracy rate is almost one-third of the total in the world. Advanced countries are 100% literate; the position in India is quite worrying.
6. The Problem of Wasted Resources:
Our education system is based on General Education. The dropout rate is very high in the primary and secondary level of Education. Mostly, students in the 6-14 age group leave school before completing their education. It leads to wastage of financial and human resources in the long run.
7. General Education-Oriented:
Our educational system is General Education in nature. Development of technical and vocational education is quite unsatisfactory and below par. So our education system is to an extent unproductive. Hence the number of educated unemployed persons is increasing every day. This has become a big concern for the Government.
8. Problems of primary education:
Our primary education has many problems. A large number of primary schools have no buildings, lack of basic facilities like drinking water, urinals, electricity, furniture and study materials, etc. Large numbers of primary schools are single teacher schools which means a single teacher teaches all the subjects and many schools are even without teachers. So the drop rate is very high and a cause of concern. Concluding, we can say that there is a quantitative expansion of education but in qualitative development, we are still lagging behind.
The solutions to the above problems are being figured out constantly, but it can only be possible with the support from all tiers of the Education System.