Some 20 Institutions of Eminence (IoEs) in India will be asked to roll out the 4-year degree courses. While other IoEs can follow the same if they wish to implement the 4-year degree courses in the academic year 2020-21.
Under the New Education Policy released on 29th July 2020, the IoEs will have a lead role in introducing the 4-year degree courses this year itself. Some 20 Institutions of Eminence in India will be asked to roll out the 4-year degree courses. While other IoEs can follow the same if they wish to implement the 4-year degree courses in the academic year 2020-21.
In August 2019, the government released the list of 20 Institutions of Eminence of India (IoEs). Institutes which are given IoE status from public category includes IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IISC Bangalore, IIT Madras, IIT Kharagpur, Delhi University, University of Hyderabad, and BHU.
The purpose of NEP 2020 is to make Under Graduation education flexible curricula, creative combinations of subjects, integration of vocational education, and multiple entries and exit points with appropriate certification. In the New Education Policy, there are many reforms in the undergraduate system of education. The four-year multidisciplinary under-graduation program has been reintroduced with multiple entries and exit options. While the traditional 3 year BA, BSc, and BVoc degree will continue. The policy intends to create a broad-based multidisciplinary and holistic Under Graduation system of education.
“UG education can be of 3 or 4 years with multiple exit options and appropriate certification within this period. For example, Certificate after 1 year, Advanced Diploma after 2 years, Bachelor’s Degree after 3 years and Bachelor’s with Research after 4 years.”
The step to introduce the 4-year degree courses is among the features of New Education Policy, 2020 that will be implemented in the same academic year i.e., 2020.
The newly introduced Academic Credit Bank (ACB) will also be implemented by December 2020. An Academic Bank of Credit is to be formed for digitally recording academic the credits earned from different Higher Education Institutions. This will enable easy transfer and counting of academic credit towards the final degree earned.
In September the draft of the Higher Education Council of India (HECI) Bill will be placed in the public realm for the purpose of feedback before taking the Bill to the Parliament.
The structure of the Common Entrance Test which will be offered by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for admission to Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) will also be ready by February-March 2021. The first test through this procedure is likely to be held in May 2021.
Amit Khare Higher Education Secretary conferred, “The phase-wise implementation of NEP will start from this month itself. IoEs will be encouraged to start immediately in 2020-21 because 20 IoEs are selected and some of them have already signed MoU. And they can have multiple entries and exist because by that time the credit bank would have become operational”.
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