Improvement in Student-Classroom, Pupil-Teacher Ratios: Economic Survey

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Student Classroom Ratio (SCR) and Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) of the government-run schools have witnessed ‘significant progress. This has been stated by the Economic Survey 2017 tabled by the Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Arun Jaitley, in the Parliament.


— India is poised to grow as one of the leading knowledge economies where education, skill development and health will remain priorities for the Government.

— It mentioned the significant progress made in universalising primary education, with substantial improvement in the enrolment and completion rates of education of children in both primary and elementary school.

–Increased percentage of schools which comply with the Student Classroom Ratio (SCR) and Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) at the all India level. The Survey, however, notes the inter-state variations in the adherence to Student Classroom Ratio (SCR) and Pupil Teacher Ratios (PTR) norms. Taking note of the substantially improved Gender Parity Index (GPI) at the primary and secondary levels of school enrolment with the consistent efforts of the government, the Survey acknowledges the success of programmes like Beti Padhao, Beti Bachao in addressing issues of gender bias in access to education.


SCR is defined as average number of pupils per classroom in a school in a given school-year and the ideal size is 30 students per classroom.

India has also improved quantitative indicators such as enrolment levels, completion rates and other physical infrastructure which includes construction of school buildings/class rooms, drinking water facilities, toilet facilities and appointment of teachers at elementary school level.

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