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10 Women Who Educate The Nation To Change The World

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success in women's hands

“When You Educate a Woman, You Set Her Free.” – Oprah Winfrey

Women are no less in any field or genre and have accomplished more and more with each year. They not only play many roles at the same time but also excel in everything in whatever they do.

Have you wondered how academics have been so important in making the careers of many women… so much that it has made them not only famous and successful but also has inspired everyone to do more and more? This women’s day we’ll tell you about a few Indian women who have set their careers in the educational sector and academics and are at the top.

1. Anju Seth

Anju Seth, the woman who is behind changing the history of the IIM Calcutta. From being, an alumnus and a Professor at the same institution to being the first director ever at IIM Calcutta; she has been a true example of hard work and perseverance.

She has been teaching since over 25 glorious years. She has also been honored with the Executive and Professional Development Award, College of Business in 2002 and List of Teachers Rated as Excellent by their Students (1997-2003).

2. Neelu Rohmetra

Neelu Rohmetra, the woman who broke the ceiling of 56 years at IIM, and became the Director at IIM Himachal Pradesh. She is now formulating policies to reward female students who excel.

She has also been nominated by the British Council as one of the members of the Indian Team for the South Asian Skill Development Dialogue in London in 2013.

3. Geeta Dharmarajan

Geeta dharmarajan, one lady playing so many roles. She is a teacher, social worker, children’s book writer, editor and what not. She established Katha around 30 years. It is an organization which runs schools for the underprivileged children in many locations of India.

Not only this, but she was also honored with the Padma Shri award in 2012 for her contributions in the field of Literature and Education.

4. Mukta Dagli

Having lost her vision at the age of seven… she did not lose hope. She completed her education and earned a diploma in teacher’s training for the blind. She wanted to accomplish something for the blind especially, women.

Therefore, in 1995 she opened a nonprofit school for blind and visually impaired women Pragnachaksu Mahila Seva Kunj in Surendranagar, Gujarat. There is no charge of learning from this institute and the students are trained to become Electrical Engineers, Beauticians and Chefs and what not!

5. Vasudha Prakash

Vasudha Prakash, the founder of founded V-Excel – A learning center which teaches medical, vocational and educational skills to people with developmental disabilities.

There are nine centers of V-Excel today in various cities. She has taken up the challenge of changing the mindset of adults for such children and has truly been an inspiration for all.

6. Roshini Mukherjee

After quitting her job at an IT company, Roshni established Exam Fear Education- an online platform for education. She held a great passion for teaching and realized that quality education is affordable for everyone in our country.

With the power of the Internet she began teaching online with her YouTube videos. So, her knowledge can reach students even there where schools cannot! When this turned out quite well, she decided to be devoted to Exam Fear.

7. Vimla Kaul

Vimla Kaul, the lady who has spent her entire life as a teacher. Even after retiring from her job, she did not leave her passion and opened a school named Guldasta- a school for the underprivileged in a Municipality Park in Delhi in 1993.

Her urge to do something for the society kept her going as she taught the kids from the slums. And yes, she became successful in giving such kids a childhood that they deserve.

8. Ismat Chugthai

Ismat Chugthai, the Urdu Literary Feminist (1915 – 1991). She was an Urdu writer who reflected light on aspects like female sexuality, femininity, and women rights and wrote on them.

She also wrote stories in the cinematic world as well. Apart from her great work, she has also won the Ghalib award, Filmfare award (best story), and Padma Shri Award.

9. Cornelia Sorabji

Cornelia Sorabji, First Female Lawyer (1866 – 1954). She was the first woman to study from Oxford University and also the first female advocate in India. She helped almost 600 clients including many women with legal matters. She accomplished her goals as an advocate at the time when women suffered a lot!

10. Savitribai Phule

Savitribai Phule was India’s first female teacher of the first women’s school of India. She was the founder of modern Marathi poetry. She worked for the upliftment and education of females in India At a time when women’s potential and caliber were underestimated.

She opened a school for the untouchable girls. Despite many milestones from the society she kept on teaching and was later honored by the British Government.

With so many achievements, awards, hard work, patience, and perseverance, these and many other women have inspired us all since ages. Women are no less in any field or genre and have accomplished more and more with each year. They not only play many roles at the same time but also excel in everything in whatever they do.

With heads held high, women are climbing every ladder and overcoming every milestone in their way and yes let’s wait for the future for more names to be added to the list of such inspirational women.

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Reality Check For Teaching – Accept Your Students What they Are..

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UNBIASED TEACHING

“Our job is to teach and guide the students we have. Not the ones we would like to have. Not those which we used to have. Those we have right now. All of them.” – Dr. Kevin Maxwell

You might have heard this from your fellows who are into teaching profession or have said this – “ Today’s college students are absolutely different from what they use to be a decade ago.”

A change which is standing out cultivating many aspects positives as well as negative. People today, understand the utter importance of education after high school and graduation.

In order to achieve the positive outcomes, it is very necessary to have broader participation of not only the teachers but the students as well. One of the important aspects which are very difficult to achieve is to convert the available knowledge, skills, time, energy, and money into quality learning and education. Teaching according to the old patterns and norms is not going to prove helpful in today’s time as there is a lot of competition everywhere.

According to Dr. Kevin Maxwell,   “Our job is to teach and guide the students we have. Not the ones we would wish to have. Not those we used to have. Those we have right now. All of them.”

We can never choose specific students that we want to teach or the ones which we don’t want to teach. It is certainly not in our hands. An ideal teacher should take all the students together even if they are so different from each other, or even if they do not fit into the teaching patterns. Not all students are born intelligent or possess only good qualities. The present students should be focused on and not compared to the students in the past or the ones which the particular teacher would like to have.

Challenges to Face in the Path

There are lots of challenges and problems in colleges today, well, the sad part is that they are generally ignored and not taken care of. According to one of the essays by Nancy Bunge, it is not only the teachers who get hurt if the students evaluate them but the students as well. Passive and somewhat arrogant students are produced if the undeserved aloofness is encouraged by the heavy reliance on student evaluations. This eventually leads to lowering the quality of the spirit of the class and in the teachings as well for everyone.

According to the teachers and professors, they say that students these days are harder to teach. If the new teaching patterns are no adapted there will be a non-filling gap amongst the teachers and the students. This will affect the performance of the students overall as they might be less interactive in the classroom and also distracted.  At times, it is also observed that there is favoritism in the class amongst the students by the teachers, and yes they do prefer some students over others. It not only hurts the students mentally but also demotivates them for performing better.

Learning and teaching is a two-way path, and yes efforts are needed to be put from both sides. Teachers should be humble even if the students are not getting good grades and on the other hand, students should engage with the teachers more. This will improve mutual understanding and the process of teaching will be much easier and interactive.

READ MORE – Eduvoice’s Exclusive Interview with Former AICTE Director Dr. Manpreet Singh Manna over SWAYAM

The college students of today’s times are generally considered to be the rebel type. In India, one of the major issues in the education system is that worthy students do not get the opportunity according to their abilities and caliber. Many of the students are either disinterested in studying after graduation or they don’t have the needed funds. Even though, a great population of today’s youth believe in higher education, and are growing with their careers; many of them are also moving out of the country in search of latest and upgraded education, which somewhere lacks in India.

Changes Necessary to Be Made

With the changing times, it is a natural tendency for students to grow fast, many students in any college hold more knowledge than the teachers, and; this aspect is constantly being neglected by our education system including the teachers. The age-old patterns and curriculum are being followed in many of the colleges and universities in India, which is certainly harmful to the students as they ultimately, have to face this fast and competing world. New teaching plans and patterns should be crafted for the betterment of both the teachers and the students.

Quality education is a key requirement of a prospering country, like India as it aims to build sustained growth. But, the current situation of the Indian education system is extremely poor. Even though efforts are being made nationwide to improve the present situation, it is accurate to say that different complications ail different Indian states and the teaching patterns they follow. Some states have an extremely high student-teacher ratio, while others suffer from a poor gross enrollment ratio. All of this entirely depends on the perceptive the teachers hold for their students.

In higher education institutions; the procedure followed to assess student’s needs to change steadily. In many institutes, student assessment is carried out as a single standardized exam at the end of the academic year till today. The basis of this assessment is this one test that the subject knowledge and clarity of concepts in students are judged, and they take forward that mark sheet and certificate to penetrate the job industry. If the features of the current generation-the Millennials are taken into consideration, this assessment procedure is quite ineffective in understanding the true potential, caliber, knowledge retention and its applicability amongst today’s students.

In today’s world, more ways to listen for the voices of students demonstrating on education are needed. More ways to include students in conversations related to the future of teaching and learning patterns in colleges and universities are needed. Certainly, these conversations cannot begin by sending a signal to students that their voices don’t matter.

Conclusively, we as educators have the responsibility to serve our educational system in a way that everyone has a chance to gain, grow, and learn. This has to begin with a sense of respect for the students. Students should be accepted the way they are and not the way we wish or want them to be. Students are human first. And so are their teachers. Students are not robots or analytical data or information.

Leading the way of designing the pedagogical approaches for the students we have, not the students we wish we had is all that is needed.

Responsive, inclusive, flexible, challenging, and benevolent approaches are required to achieve this. Discovery of more creative ways to reinforce teachers and brace them for the work of teaching is required to be done by the educational institutions. It’s a practical exercise, not a theoretical one.

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New UGC Guidelines: Fund Cutting for Women’s Study Centers

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UGC Guidelines

The major objective of setting up a Centre of Women Studies in higher educational institutes is to establish an inclusive society that possesses equal place for male and female members.

We educate women because it is smart. We educate women because it changes the world. – Drew Fuast

Did you know that over the past several decades, one of the most significant transformations in education in India is the massive increase in women’s access to colleges and universities? The malice of gender discrimination of Higher Education in India has lowered comparatively because of the formulation and implementation of stringent and powerful laws and policies.

Undoubtedly, times have changed and the encouragement by government and society has given many Indian women with the feasibility of economic independence, respectable employment and they have become an important earning member of their families. Today, an educated woman holds the skills, the self-confidence and the power to be a better citizen. They are no less than men in any aspect and fields and are manifesting themselves amongst different opportunities provided through higher education.

Center For Women Studies

Recently, special guidelines are set up by The University Grants Commission (UGC) for the Centre of Women Studies at Universities and Colleges. The aim of this profound step is to focus on most marginalized and disadvantaged women in the society. These include women from Schedule Caste and Tribes, women living in unsafe environments, women with disabilities, among others. Scheduled Casts students constitute 13.9% and Scheduled Tribes students 4.9% of the total enrolment. 33.75% of students belong to Other Backward Classes. 4.7% of students belong to the Muslim Minority and 1.97% from other Minority Community. Although, the existence of such centers is no new thing in India. The graph of these centers has only increased from the past few years.

READ MORE – UGC Issues Guidelines For Setting Up Of Center For Women Studies

The major objective of setting up a Centre of Women Studies in higher educational institutes is to establish an inclusive society that possesses equal place for male and female members

According to some statistics released in 2011, the literacy rate of females in India is 65.46 percent, which is significantly lower than the world’s average of 79.7 percent. The female literacy rate in China is 82.7 percent. According to a report by the AISHE (All India Survey on Higher Education) (2015-2016), there are 14 Universities exclusively for women with 4 in Rajasthan, 2 in Tamil Nadu, 1 each in Delhi, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Karnataka, Uttrakhand Maharashtra, and West Bengal. There are 268 Affiliating Universities as well. According to these guidelines, the Centre for Women Studies at any institute will devote special attention and focus on the marginalized and deprived women in the society.

Objectives of UGC

Objectives of UGC for setting up the Center for Women Studies

  • Building knowledge and developing skills from both national as well as international perspectives
  • In order to cater to the diverse needs of Indian women, the Centre will also work extensively to develop course curriculum accordingly.
  • Solving mainstream gender issues in research and teaching
  • Constructing an inductive environment enabling women to take up leadership positions in a diversified array of sectors.
  • Working towards Master’s Programme in women’s higher education
  • Conducting evidence-based research on the economic development of women
  • Measures for economic inclusion of women in development sectors to be proposed and promoted
  • Concurrence in the prescribed format to comply with the new guidelines to be given by the existing centers

According to an official at UGC, “A women study center must seek a comprehensive, critical and balanced understanding of India’s socio-economic realities and governance. Its chief components comprise of women’s contribution to society and social processes and their perception of their own lives, the broader social reality and their struggles, and aspirations.”

Previous Guidelines vs New Guidelines

Previous Guidelines vs New Guidelines

The guidelines speak that these centers will be monitored and evaluated periodically by the UGC. The head of the center will present a report to its advisory committee on how the center is working and then submit it to the UGC with minutes or comments of the members every year. The report will include both quantitative as well as qualitative information and the achievements and actions which were taken.

The centers will be the evaluated on the basis of teaching, research, seminars, extension activities, workshops, special lectures, field action projects and action research, documentation and archive on women, a partnership with other UGC centers and non-UGC centers, government schemes and NGOs.

However, these guidelines hold some negative as well. According to the previous guidelines, teaching and training in women’s studies centers, including BA, MA, MPhil and PhD qualifications were addressed in detail. But, in the new guidelines there is almost nothing mentioned about the teaching and training (or about the four degrees) in the 23 paged slim document.

Previously, many women’s studies centers were dependent on the UGC for funding or universities and colleges used to pay themselves for sustaining these centers. But now, if this funding is pulled back by the UGC, it could probably lead to the end for many of these centers, their faculty, and students.

Earlier, the funding was allocated between Rs 47.5 lakh to Rs 75 lakh per annum to centers, depending on how advanced they were. But according to the new guidelines the funding may be allocated between Rs 12.5 lakh to Rs 40 lakh depending on the type of center.

Consequences of Fund Cutting

Consequences of Fund Cutting

  • All this might lead to the non-payment of the staff already working in several universities and colleges. A threat of losing jobs will be there.
  • The competing ability of scholars who are currently pursuing women’s studies will decline. As the teaching and research positions were previously funded by the UGC will not be having any penny to pay them.
  • Disruption of teaching and research functions across the centers in universities might be caused. This will affect students doing research, Ph.D.’s and other such courses as they will be left alone without any guide.

These centers undoubtedly a great step for women education but with new changed guidelines we need to see how it will be affecting existing structure? Also how much opposition will be there in from various Institutes for the same?

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The Impact Of Globalization In India

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The Impact Of Globalization In India

Today Technology has, in fact, widen and reduce access to education. It has changed the way people use to perceive business and education in particular. We are living in a period where the business world is rapidly changing. The knowledge-driven and information centered economy is pushing business to innovate and come up with new business plans and capabilities.

Impact of globalization in India is one of the most dominant forces facing by higher education in the 21st century. It has a close symmetry with education. As education has an important role in shaping society, globalization has to be coerced with education and global activities have a deep impact on it.

Globalization is a process of integration. interaction, and exchange between people, ideas, innovations, resources, and opportunities across regional and national borders. The impact of globalization in India has been massive and it has forced Indian universities to come up with a new model to provide better educational opportunities for aspiring students. Higher education in India needs to adapt and follow the path of technological disruptions and globalization to enable students for today’s workplace.

Education in the era of globalization should be made flexible. It cannot be the same for everyone; each individual student has different needs. All students should be encouraged to engage in learning with new ideas and innovation valued in today’s corporate workplace. The pace of education should be set at a student’s pace to master the required skills.

Many institutions have responded to the change and plan to internationalize their campuses and academic courses.

Challenges

Challenges in the Era of Globalization

  • Lack of Understanding: Many institutions who are going to institutionalize their campuses do not have a real understanding of it.
  • Student mobility: the real focus of the institutions should be on student mobility when they about opening an institution outside their regional borders.
  • Managing strategic goals, relevant curriculum, new policies, and international collaboration together in a better manner to meet the positive results.
  • Bringing the best minds as the incubators of intellectual capital will solve many challenges. Due to the impact of globalization in India, the nation needs to develop international research collaboration among scholars.
  • Attracting foreign students will bring revenues with them. the increase in enrolment of international students with diversity in nature will encourage intellectualism as well as overwhelming contributions.
  • It has been accepted by the Government of India and other regulatory apex bodies that there is a need to increase the Gross Enrolment ratio (GER) in Higher Education in India. There is a need to increase the number of Universities, Colleges, and institutions. – lack of fund is one of the challenges.
  • In the age of impact of globalization in India, education coupled with skill development is a must to export Indian human resource to different parts of the globe. The application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education is one of the strong pillars on which the said proposition rests.

Rea

Impact of Globalization

Let’s see Impact of Globalization in India

  • Customized educative programs- Impact of globalization in India has ushered a lot of changes in the nature of policies, curriculum, values, pedagogies, leadership, assessment, and, organizational structures etc. School and colleges are going for customized educative programs to provide for full rounded education initiatives. Gaining new skills, implementation and innovation are few impacts of globalization worldwide.
  • Impact of Technology-Technological Infrastructure is the backbone of the 21st-century education system The effective use of technological innovations can diminish boundaries. People from any corner of the world can gain access to information; data and an array of online courses. Easy admission process, online courses, and setting up foreign universities in India are all seen as impacts of globalization on Indian education.
  • Impact on Teachers’- The role of faculty members in higher education is now ever-changing. In the impact of globalization in India, faculty members require some specialized skills and strategies. The instructors need to be highly organized and communicate with learners in new ways.
  • They need to be accessible to students and work in teams whenever needed. The instructors must be expert in managing communication because there is a demand for student interaction in this age of technological innovation. They should have a strong mastery over ICT.


Pros and Cons

Globalization on Education: Pros and Cons

Pros :

  • The introduction of computer-mediated learning has revolutionized the teaching and learning process. The explosion of knowledge helps people to educate and develop their skills and abilities.
  • Students have options to maintain pace while learning activities and can learn independently of time and space.
  • Use of networks to communicate with their peers, their teachers, information sources, and external experts.
  • It has paved the path for lifelong learning skills for continuous and self-directed learning.
  • Computer-mediated technologies have made it possible to interact more effectively across cultural boundaries. Sharing information and collaborating with others has proven to be a revolution in education.
  • Students are using social media to collaborate with one another and to learn about specific topics., to try out new ideas and innovations.
  • Another advantage is blended learning, where teachers are using a concoction of computers with traditional teaching. Instructors usually use an interactive whiteboard and specially adjust software.

READ MORE – Higher Education 4.0: Smart Pathways For Smart Future (Part 1)

Cons:

  • The greater application of English in the underdeveloped and developing countries has paved the path for lucrative business for the publishing houses.
  • Over-dependence on English as a dominant language of the world has marginalized many local languages.
  • Nowadays, young millennials are distracted by digital technologies. The young minds are dominated by mass media and digital culture and are bombarded by the numerous source of information. it becomes difficult for them to select the right piece of information that will shape them for the future.
  • With the arrival of an array of online courses, many learners are not interested in pursuing higher education.
  • Young learners prefer learning based on new technologies. For this reason, conventional classroom-based education in the form as it is now, might not survive.
  • Another important disadvantage is the lack of interaction among young learners. The advent of online learning has posed a threat towards an opportunity to listen to questions and discussions in the classroom.
New Era of Globalisation

New Era of Globalisation

The impact of globalization in India has triggered many important changes and tells us about the faster developments in technology and communications. We are witnessing the changes in the ideas, values. knowledge and the role of teachers and students courtesy the impact of globalization in India.

Technology has completely changed the form of electronic literacy. Today, more and more courses are available online and educators are also preparing materials in electronic form and asking students to submit the assignment and projects in electronic form.

The new-age classroom includes video projection screens, CD ROMs and podiums are replacing blackboards. Even students are examined through computer managed learning systems.

Such developments in education reflect there has been an impact of globalization in India. The emergence of video conferencing and the Internet has broken the barriers of distance. Young millennials can now learn without being physically present in an education institution, due to the key aspect of globalization.  

The amalgamation of technology and communication can be accessed by any learner from anywhere, at any time. In the impact of globalization in India, both the learners and the educators need to be technologically literate.

Educators must encourage students about the new offerings that communication technology is accomplishing. Institutions are now shifting towards the use of the Internet and computer-mediated technologies to deliver courses to students.

In a Nutshell

Several universities across India have responded positively to the significant impact of educative innovativeness. With the impact of globalization in India hitting the shores of education, improving the infrastructure to cater to the world class standard of education should become a top priority.

To increase the enrolment ratio of foreign students, the institutions must invest to improve the quality of classrooms, libraries, laboratories, and sports facilities.

The recent days in India, improving the quality and quantity of educational delivery in the socio-economic dimensions of the country are major challenges and opportunities, especially in the field of higher education.

Unless such models are implemented one cannot bring about a revolutionary change in the overall quality of education in the age of globalization.

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