A nation’s strength is acknowledged by its education system. A developed nation is expected to have people who are inevitably educated. India, being the third largest higher education system in the world, next to the United States and China is continuously making strides in the field of education. over the past few decades, the Indian higher education system has been proliferated by leaps and bounds. In the future, India will be one of the largest education hubs provided they allocate maximum budget for encouraging scientific research and enabling greater transparency and accountability. The arrival of the private sector in the education system has revolutionized education system a bit.
Let us ponder on 15 Important statistics and facts of Indian Higher education.
1. Total Universities
There is 903 Universities, 39050 Colleges and 10011 Stand Alone Institutions listed on Higher Education portal. 343 Universities are managed privately and 357 Universities are located in rural areas.
2. Institutes for Women
15 Universities are founded solely for women, 4 in Rajasthan, 2 in Tamil Nadu & 1 each in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Haryana, Delhi, Karnataka, Odisha, Uttarakhand, and West Bengal. 60.48% Colleges are located in Rural Area. 11.04% Colleges are exclusively for Women.
3. Only 36.7 % Colleges run Post Graduate Level Programmes whereas Only 3.6% Colleges run the Ph.D. programme.
4. Enrollment Figures
Less than 100 students are getting enrolled in 18.5% of the Colleges and only 3.6% of Colleges have enrolment more than 3000.
5. Girls are not far behind
Six million is the total enrollment in higher education with 19.2 million boys and 17.4 million girls. Girls constitute 47.6% of the total enrolment.
6. Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER)
GER in Higher education in India is 25.8%, which is mainly calculated for 18-23 years of age group. GER for the male is 26.3% and for females, it is 25.4%. For Scheduled Castes, it is 21.8% and for Scheduled Tribes, it is 15.9%.
7. Approx 79.2% of the students are enrolled in the Undergraduate level programme. 1,61,412 students are enrolled in Ph.D. which is less than 0.5% of the total student enrolment.
8. Arts and Humanities Courses are ruling the roost at Undergraduate enrolment
36.4 % of students are enrolled in Arts/Humanities/Social Sciences at Undergraduate level courses followed by Science (17.1%), Engineering and Technology (14.1%) and Commerce (14.1%).
9. At the Ph.D. level, science stream is getting maximum enrolment followed by Engineering and Technology. On the other hand, at P.G level maximum students are getting enrolled in Social Science stream and Management comes next.
10. Uttar Pradesh emerges at number one with the highest student enrolment followed by Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.
11. SC, ST, Minority and other backward Classes Enrollment figures
Enrollment status for Scheduled Caste students constitute around 14.4% and Scheduled Tribes students constitute about 5.2% of the total enrollment. 35.0% of students belong to Other Backward Classes. 5.0% of students belong to Muslim Minority and 2.2% constitute from Other Minority Communities.
12. Foreign Students Enrolment
The total enrolment number of foreign students enrolled in higher education stands 46,144. The foreign students are coming to study from 166 different countries from across the globe. The top 10 countries together constitute 63.4% of the total foreign students enrolled. The highest share of foreign students come from the neighboring countries of which Nepal is 24.9% of the total, followed by, Afghanistan (9.5%), Sudan (4.8%), Bhutan constitutes (4.3%) and Nigeria (4.0%).
13. Teachers in Higher Education
The total number of teachers in Indian higher education stands around 12,84,755, out of which about 58.0% constitute male teachers and 42.0% are female teachers. At all India higher education level there are merely 72 female teachers per 100 male teachers.
14. Pupil-Teacher Ratio (PTR)
if the regular mode of enrolment is concerned, Pupil to teacher’s ratio in Universities and Colleges stands 20 whereas PTR for Universities and colleges is 30.
female students is lowest in Institutions of National Importance followed by State Private Open Universities, Deemed University-Government.