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10 Women Who Educate The Nation To Change The World

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success in women's hands

“When You Educate a Woman, You Set Her Free.” – Oprah Winfrey

Women are no less in any field or genre and have accomplished more and more with each year. They not only play many roles at the same time but also excel in everything in whatever they do.

Have you wondered how academics have been so important in making the careers of many women… so much that it has made them not only famous and successful but also has inspired everyone to do more and more? This women’s day we’ll tell you about a few Indian women who have set their careers in the educational sector and academics and are at the top.

1. Anju Seth

Anju Seth, the woman who is behind changing the history of the IIM Calcutta. From being, an alumnus and a Professor at the same institution to being the first director ever at IIM Calcutta; she has been a true example of hard work and perseverance.

She has been teaching since over 25 glorious years. She has also been honored with the Executive and Professional Development Award, College of Business in 2002 and List of Teachers Rated as Excellent by their Students (1997-2003).

2. Neelu Rohmetra

Neelu Rohmetra, the woman who broke the ceiling of 56 years at IIM, and became the Director at IIM Himachal Pradesh. She is now formulating policies to reward female students who excel.

She has also been nominated by the British Council as one of the members of the Indian Team for the South Asian Skill Development Dialogue in London in 2013.

3. Geeta Dharmarajan

Geeta dharmarajan, one lady playing so many roles. She is a teacher, social worker, children’s book writer, editor and what not. She established Katha around 30 years. It is an organization which runs schools for the underprivileged children in many locations of India.

Not only this, but she was also honored with the Padma Shri award in 2012 for her contributions in the field of Literature and Education.

4. Mukta Dagli

Having lost her vision at the age of seven… she did not lose hope. She completed her education and earned a diploma in teacher’s training for the blind. She wanted to accomplish something for the blind especially, women.

Therefore, in 1995 she opened a nonprofit school for blind and visually impaired women Pragnachaksu Mahila Seva Kunj in Surendranagar, Gujarat. There is no charge of learning from this institute and the students are trained to become Electrical Engineers, Beauticians and Chefs and what not!

5. Vasudha Prakash

Vasudha Prakash, the founder of founded V-Excel – A learning center which teaches medical, vocational and educational skills to people with developmental disabilities.

There are nine centers of V-Excel today in various cities. She has taken up the challenge of changing the mindset of adults for such children and has truly been an inspiration for all.

6. Roshini Mukherjee

After quitting her job at an IT company, Roshni established Exam Fear Education- an online platform for education. She held a great passion for teaching and realized that quality education is affordable for everyone in our country.

With the power of the Internet she began teaching online with her YouTube videos. So, her knowledge can reach students even there where schools cannot! When this turned out quite well, she decided to be devoted to Exam Fear.

7. Vimla Kaul

Vimla Kaul, the lady who has spent her entire life as a teacher. Even after retiring from her job, she did not leave her passion and opened a school named Guldasta- a school for the underprivileged in a Municipality Park in Delhi in 1993.

Her urge to do something for the society kept her going as she taught the kids from the slums. And yes, she became successful in giving such kids a childhood that they deserve.

8. Ismat Chugthai

Ismat Chugthai, the Urdu Literary Feminist (1915 – 1991). She was an Urdu writer who reflected light on aspects like female sexuality, femininity, and women rights and wrote on them.

She also wrote stories in the cinematic world as well. Apart from her great work, she has also won the Ghalib award, Filmfare award (best story), and Padma Shri Award.

9. Cornelia Sorabji

Cornelia Sorabji, First Female Lawyer (1866 – 1954). She was the first woman to study from Oxford University and also the first female advocate in India. She helped almost 600 clients including many women with legal matters. She accomplished her goals as an advocate at the time when women suffered a lot!

10. Savitribai Phule

Savitribai Phule was India’s first female teacher of the first women’s school of India. She was the founder of modern Marathi poetry. She worked for the upliftment and education of females in India At a time when women’s potential and caliber were underestimated.

She opened a school for the untouchable girls. Despite many milestones from the society she kept on teaching and was later honored by the British Government.

With so many achievements, awards, hard work, patience, and perseverance, these and many other women have inspired us all since ages. Women are no less in any field or genre and have accomplished more and more with each year. They not only play many roles at the same time but also excel in everything in whatever they do.

With heads held high, women are climbing every ladder and overcoming every milestone in their way and yes let’s wait for the future for more names to be added to the list of such inspirational women.

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Top 20 Famous Contributors to the Special Education Field

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Top 20 Famous Contributors

Throughout the history of special education, over 4.5 million children were denied adequate schooling. But, over the years, many people often disabled themselves focused on education for people with disabilities. Some of these individuals broke barriers by fighting for their own educational experiences. The following list of 20 famous contributors to the special education field contains just a handful of all the individuals who have contributed to this effort. The following list is in chronological order, from the 16th century to current news.

Pedro Ponce de León (d. 1584)

He was a Spanish Benedictine monk believed to be the first person to develop a method for teaching deaf/mutes during the 16th century. Details of his methods either were never recorded or have been lost. Many laymen believed at that time that the deaf were too simple-minded to be eligible for salvation under Christian doctrine.

Abbot Charles-Michel de l’Epée (d. 1789)

He was a philanthropic educator of 18th-century France who has become known as the “Father of the Deaf.” What distinguished Épée from educators of the deaf before him, and ensured his place in history, is that he allowed his methods and classrooms to be available to the public and other educators.

Abbot Roche-Amboise Sicard (d. 1822)

He took l’Epée’s sign language and further perfected it. He was made principal of a school for the deaf at Bordeaux in 1786, and in 1789, on the death of the Abbé de l’Épée, succeeded him at Paris. He met Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet while traveling in England and invited Gallaudet to visit the famous school for the deaf in Paris.

Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet (d. 1851)

He helped fund and was for many years the principal of the first institution for the education of the deaf in North America. When opened in 1817, it was called the “American Asylum for Deaf-Mutes” in Connecticut, but it is now known as the American School for the Deaf.

Louis Braille (d. 1852)

He became blind after he accidentally stabbed himself in the eye with his father’s awl. He later became an inventor and designed braille writing, which enables blind people to read through feeling a series of organized bumps representing letters. This concept was beneficial to all blind people from around the world and is commonly used even today.

Edward Miner Gallaudet (d. 1917)

Thomas’ son, was the president of Columbia University for the deaf from 1864–1910. He sought college status for that university and received it with President Abraham Lincoln’s help. The school then became known as the first college for the dear, or Gallaudet University. He was a staunch advocate of sign language.

Dr. Jacob Bolotin (d. 1924)

He was the first congenitally blind man to receive a medical license. Dr. Bolotin lived and practiced in Chicago during the early part of the twentieth century and was particularly known for his expertise on diseases of the heart and lungs. He used his many public speaking engagements to advocate for the full inclusion of the blind in education, employment, and all other aspects of society.

Eglantyne Jebb (d. 1928)

He was a British social reformer who wrote the first draft of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, a series of related children’s rights proclamations adopted by the International Save the Children Union, Geneva, in 1923 and endorsed by the League of Nations General Assembly in 1924.

Clifford W. Beers (d. 1943)

He was a young businessman who had a mental breakdown and recovered to write about it in A Mind That Found Itself in 1908. He created the National Committee on Mental Hygiene to move Americans away from state hospital custodial and to emphasize prevention.

Herbert Hoover (d. 1964)

Endorsed Jebb’s work and created the Charter of the American Child. “For every child who is blind, deaf, crippled, or otherwise physically handicapped, and for the child who is mentally handicapped, such measures as will early discover and diagnose his handicap, provide care and treatment, and so train him that he may become an asset to society rather than a liability.”

Helen Keller (d. 1968)

She was an American author, activist, and lecturer. She was the first deaf/blind person to graduate from college. She was not born blind and deaf; it was not until nineteen months of age that she came down with an illness described by doctors as “acute congestion of the stomach and the brain”, which could have possibly been scarlet fever or meningitis.

Dr. Gunnar Dybwad (d. 2001)

He persuaded the leaders of the Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children to sue on behalf of disabled children in 1969. The case, PARC versus Pennsylvania, is credited with establishing the rights of children with disabilities to get a free and equal public education.

READ MORE – 10 Women Who Educate The Nation To Change The World

Rosemary Kennedy (d. 2005)

She was the third child and eldest daughter of Joseph and Rose Kennedy. A lobotomy performed on Rosemary in 1940 left her permanently disabled. She inspired her sister, Eunice Kennedy Shriver, to begin a summer day camp that grew into the Special Olympics, and inspired her brother, President John F. Kennedy, to initiate sweeping legislation designed to improve the quality of life for Americans with disabilities.

Anne McDonald 

She is an Australian author and an activist for the rights of people who have communication disabilities. She developed severe cerebral palsy from a birth defect and was institutionalized throughout her teens. At age 18, she repeatedly fought the system in Australia to achieve, through facilitated communication, her own deinstitutionalization, independence, and enrollment in a university.

Rosemary Crossley 

She is another Australian author and advocate for disability rights. She wrote, with Anne McDonald, the book, Annie’s Coming Out, the story of Anne’s breakthrough to communication. She later wrote a second book, Speechless: Facilitating Communication for People Without Voices.

Madeleine Will,

in 1986, proposed what has been called the Regular Education Initiative. Citing concerns about some unintended negative effects of special education “pull-out” programs, her proposal suggested that greater efforts to educate mildly and moderately disabled students in the mainstream of regular education should be pursued. In 2004, Ms. Will was named Director of the National Policy Center of the National Down Syndrome Society.

John Elder Robison,

brother to Augusten Burroughs (author of Running with Scissors) wrote his own memoir on what it was like to grow up with Asperger’s Syndrome. The book, Look Me in the Eye, published in 2007, was a groundbreaking look into how one person coped with an unknown disease until he learned about Asperger’s at age 39. Robison now serves as a volunteer spokesman for the Graduate Autism Program at Our Lady of the Elms College in Chicopee, Massachusetts.

Dr. Stephen Shore 

it was nonverbal until four and diagnosed with “atypical development with strong autistic tendencies,” Stephen Shore was regarded as “too sick” to be treated on an outpatient basis and recommended for institutionalization. Fortunately, his parents disagreed. He is now completing his doctoral degree in special education at Boston University with a focus on helping people on the autism spectrum develop their capacities to the fullest extent possible.

Temple Grandin 

He is a Doctor of Animal Science and professor at Colorado State University, bestselling author, and consultant to the livestock industry in animal behavior. As a person with high-functioning autism, Grandin is also widely noted for her work in autism advocacy and is the inventor of the “hug machine” designed to calm hypersensitive persons.

Susan Lee Barker

a special education teacher, brought a lawsuit against the school district that she worked for. She took the brave position that if anti-discrimination laws protect kids with disabilities, and prohibit retaliation against kids for taking action to protect their own rights, then those laws must also protect the people who stand up for those kids. In 2009, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals agreed in the now-famous case, Barker v. Riverside County Office of Education.

Source – www.mastersinspecialeducation.net

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7 Active-Learning Strategies for Higher Education

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Higher Education

Active Learning Strategies enable the faculty and learners to learn, grow, gain knowledge and engage in activities based on ideas in the best effective ways.

According to the statistics, the concept of Active-learning classrooms has gained attention and growth way beyond imagination since the past few years. It has not only evolved the educational methods and helped the students but has also helped the pedagogy in many ways. It has changed the way and methods of learning. An Active Learning Strategy enables the faculty and learners to learn, grow, gain knowledge and engage in activities based on ideas in the best effective ways.

Many universities have started considering the concept of Active Learning Classroom as very beneficial for student outcomes; they, therefore are investing massively for the transformation of their age-old traditional classroom into an active-learning classroom. It helps in catalyzing student engagement but also their responsiveness and confidence. It motivates both the teachers and the students to work harder and perform better.

Numerous active learning strategies may be used in each of the active learning designs. Here’s a list of seven active-learning strategies helpful for pedagogy especially in the higher education field.

1. Facilitation of a whole group discussion

  • Listening to the responses of the students carefully.
  • Asking students to elaborate on their answers and thinking by giving explanations, evidence, or clarifications.
  • Staying neutral in your reaction to the comments of students’.
  • Encouraging others to respond and react to the ideas by providing different viewpoints, agreements or disagreements.

2. Turn and Talk Sessions

Having a turn and talk session plays a major role in an active-learning classroom. In such a session, a question is asked to the class and students simply turn to the person next to them to discuss the answer.

  • This serves as an interactive session of the students amongst themselves and makes it easy for the teacher to understand the students.
  • It is a comfortable way and an initial stage for students to share and discuss their ideas with others and set the stage for them by sharing their perspectives with the larger group.
  • It is not necessary for the teacher to hear all (or any) of the ideas shared as the important motive of this strategy is for the peers to share and for students to access their prior knowledge about the particular topic.
  • You can ask students to turn to someone next to them and discuss their responses and perspectives to the following question and give them a time limit.
  • It helps the teachers to understand how his/her students are interacting with each other and what they need to learn and understand more. It motivates develops confidence and improves the communication skills of the students.

3. Technology Support and Management

  • In an active-learning classroom, one of the most basic and important things needed is proper management of technology.
  • Without upgrading the technology of the classroom it is difficult to adopt the new methods of teaching and learning.  
  • Lack of appropriate technological management may lead to hindrance in the working of the devices and connection required, which might also lead to hindrance in communication amongst the teachers and students as well.
  • Also, the digital tools which are needed by the pedagogy in the incorporation into their planning are only possible when the access to technology is consistent.

4. Repurpose of  Existing Items in Active-learning classroom Design

READ MORE – Bloom Your Creativity With Bloom’s Taxonomy

  • Universities can also upgrade the existing infrastructure and spaces for the facilitation of active learning.
  • Instead of the construction of a new building or space, reusing of the same building with the new purpose of an active-learning classroom can be done.
  • This proves to be economical and also students can be surrounded in engaging classroom technology.

5. Polling

  • Polling is a strategy of an active-learning classroom which enables the teachers to know and group the students according to the different explanations/answers they carry.
  • It is all about giving the students the opportunities to discuss their ideas with peers, and then to vote again leads to greater learning of the material.
  • It is important to make students discuss why their explanation is the most accurate and also why the other explanations are not accurate. It helps the teachers in building the co-operative attitude amongst the students.
  • Also, it is important that the teacher analyses the polling results and listens to the explanations and the reasoning of the students for their answers in order to determine what further explanations and summary will be needed to make in lecture.

6. Individual and Group Quizzes

  • The ability to answer, reason and compete is a major aspect of an active-learning strategy. This can be made possible giving students quizzes that they complete individually and submit it to be graded.
  • Immediately after the individual quiz, the same should be taken as a group quiz by putting the students in small groups. The students then should be allowed to discuss the answers in their group and submit it in for a group score.
  • Both the quizzes should then be graded and if the group score is higher, the two grades are averaged.
  • There is no discouragement if in case the individual score is higher than the group score.
  • This strategy helps the teachers to understand and analyze the students in a better way.

7. Tests/Quizzes with common misconceptions as distracters

  • Assessments should be Designed in such a way that they include common misconceptions that students often hold.
  • Students should be allowed to answer the question on their own and then discuss their answer with a partner.
  • Make them answer the question again after the peer discussion.
  • Conduct a whole group discussion about why the correct answer is correct and why the others are not.
  • Common misconceptions students have about different topics and concepts should be discussed and explained appropriately.

So, here was the list of the 7 Active-Learning Strategies for Higher Education for the teachers and faculty. These strategies for an active-learning classroom are very necessary and beneficial for the teachers and the students in the long-run.

What more advantages to they hold and how this concept evolves is yet to be seen in the future.

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Say NO to plagiarism by using PLAGTRACKER

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PLAGTRACKER

A PlagTracker is generally used by content owners (students, teachers, bloggers, and researchers) to detect and analyze cases of “content theft”.

The issues being faced due to plagiarism are spreading immensely and rapidly. According to the experts, plagiarism is the illegitimate appropriation and stealing/copying and publication of another author’s work and representing it as one’s own original work. It is basically copying of the language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions of some other author and showing it as owns. However, to control the issues being caused by plagiarism PlagTracker comes to the rescue.

A PlagTracker is a Ukrainian-based online plagiarism detection service which was launched in 2011 by Devellar. It checks whether similar text content appears elsewhere on the web. It also gives the list of all the sources, from where the particular content is copied.

PlagTracker is generally used by content owners (students, teachers, bloggers, and researchers) to detect and analyze cases of “content theft”. The content is copied to another site, without the permission of the author or owner, from the original site. Many content publishers also use the PlagTracker in cases where old content is repackaged and sold as new original content also known as content fraud.

A proprietary algorithm is used by the PlagTracker in order to scan a given document and compare it to the content sources across a database of academic papers and the web. It uses a set of algorithms to identify and recognize the copied content that has been modified from its original form. Today, there are a variety of techniques for checking the plagiarism, but the end results are almost always the same. A PlagTracker processes the text to find matching sections of words between the documents it is processing and the ones it has indexed in its databases.

PlagTracker: A Wonder  for teachers, faculty, and staff

A PlagTracker is of major importance especially in schools and colleges for the faculties. They generally use it while checking the annual final dissertation projects, research projects, yearly reports and projects, and much more. with the help of a

PlagTracker, a teacher cannot only help in the improvisation of the student’s work but also in developing a healthy and motivational environment in the classroom. Let us see a few out of many uses of a PlagTracker especially for the pedagogy.

READ MORE -: Plagiarism norms tightened by UGC. 

  • Easy and User-friendly for all
  • Allows the users to scan and detect plagiarism
  • A complete plagiarism report is received which is henceforth analyzed
  • Checking the originality of the content
  • Checking the sources of the content from where it is copied
  • Checking the originality of project reports, dissertation projects, research projects and reports etc.
  • The plagiarism report shows and highlights the lines where there is duplicity of the content and where changes are needed.
  • It also shows the links of copied sources.
  • The report gives a percentage to show and state the amount of content that has been plagiarized
  • There is complete scanning of each and every word from top to bottom irrespective of the link, font size, color, and family.

How To Use a PlagTracker

Teachers spend a lot of time and energy while checking the reports, research papers, projects of the students. Time is a very precious thing in both a teacher’s and a students’ life. A PlagTracker certainly acts as a helping hand as it saves both time and energy while checking the student’s work.

A PlagTracker might not be first such service which provides these benefits but is very quick, easy and user-friendly. Most of the plagiarism detector tools work on the same plagiarism test principle and basically function very much the same as Google or any other search engine works to find the matching words or phrases in other sources. They provide the best results, sometimes along with the plagiarism checker percentage and the complete report. The checking process comprises three steps.

Step: 1

In the first step, the users are required to upload (copy-paste) the document they want to run the plagiarism check on. The uploading is done by entering (or copying) the text in a text box. To start the plagiarism checker, hit the ‘Start Checking’ tab or ‘Check Plagiarism’ tab.

Step: 2

The entered text is then scanned by the PlagTracker within no time and is very quick.  

Step: 3

In the final step, the users are provided with the plagiarism report and the plagiarism percentage that highlights the areas where they need to provide citations or rephrase the text. It includes the complete information about from what source the text was copied and how much of it.

Examples Of PlagTracker Sites

Here are two of the most used PlagTrackers.

  • Small SEO Tools (SST)

It is a very challenging task to find a free plagiarism checker for teachers and students. It is not just free but also proves itself to be the best because the software that works behind plagiarism checker is costly to develop. Good plagiarism software is the one that doesn’t cost you heavily and is reliable and so is SST. After the test is completed the user is given the exact percentage that tells how original or unique the content is. The Phrases or sentences are shown in red and they mean that they already exist online and will not pass Google plagiarism tests. There are also links given on the red lines which enable to see the original source for the records. SST is a perfect platform to check the paper for plagiarism, in order to verify the integrity of the written content. It is trusted by millions of people globally, who use it daily as a part of their studies or work for articles, papers, essays, etc.

plagiarism tests. There are also links given on the red lines which enable to see the original source for the records. SST is a perfect platform to check the paper for plagiarism, in order to verify the integrity of the written content. It is trusted by millions of people globally, who use it daily as a part of their studies or work for articles, papers, essays, etc.

Small SEO Tools also checks sentence one by one on various search engines comparing it with already indexed content. Moreover, this plagiarism detector does not save any content in the database; therefore, it is not risky. The user may sign up for free and will also receive updates about the latest developments and improvements in the tools through the newsletters. Unlike Other plagiarism checker tools, SST is not limited to the option to ‘go premium. It is completely free and holds no catch and hence, no membership is required.

This is a website which provides the features of a Student Management and Tracking System i.e. all the grades, classes and groups are made available on one easy to use dashboard. There is the feature of custom filter setup which allows selecting of specific pieces of information which one needs to include or exclude from the document. The grading system in this site allows the users to check problems with originality and grammar quickly. It also keeps the document in its original format with the live document view.  The document cross-checks feature allows the user to check a group of papers against each other to detect plagiarism. This site is very user-friendly and free to use.

Teachers can be benefited from this site by having the student’s essays or research papers checked for any plagiarism. Many university and college students face extreme penalties for plagiarism such as failing an assignment, loss of privileges, academic probation, or even expulsion. In severe cases, punishments may also include lawsuits, criminal charges, and even imprisonment. Even if anyone commits unintentional plagiarism, it can still be viewed as plagiarism in the eyes of the law.

READ MORE -: UGC’s New Policy To Curb Plagiarism 

Nowadays, the use of a PlagTracker is gaining a lot of influence. It is useful for both the teachers and the students. They can now easily do an originality test and then proceed with their respective work to be completed. It is a red signal to those students (and users) who just copy text from same sources while working on the same project. The examiner will have to do nothing but just check the content in a PlagTracker. Many educational institutions also ask for a plagiarism report attached to the project which is submitted. It is being accepted widely across India as no any prior training is needed and just copy-paste is required to analyze the content which is useful for busy students and teachers who want to check plagiarism and protect their written work.

  • Quetext
  • PlagScan

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