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Edtech

Cloud Campus: The Future Of The Indian Higher Education

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Cloud Campuses

As of now, there are very few colleges in India using cloud services but the rise of e-learning and technology can cause the rise of new Cloud Campus in India. This step can ensure the growth of the Indian Higher education system and bring in positive changes into the teaching pedagogy, content delivery and value of education.

The 21st century is indeed an era of revolutions and changes. And one of the major changes that we have witnessed is the inclusion of Technology in the Education sector. Although it has helped us in many ways there are some cons too which we’ll talk about later. As for India, the coming 10 years will be very crucial as it will decide the level of growth graph that the education industry will take. And one of the major factors that will contribute towards uplifting the graph is Cloud computing and creation of Indian Colleges with cloud campuses.

What is Cloud Computing?

To define it in simpler terms, Cloud Computing is the delivery of Information Technology for example: applications, storages, communication, collaboration and infrastructure over the internet. These services are provided by the Cloud computing providers like Amazon Web Service, Microsoft Azure, and Adobe etc. Like the electricity or water that is supplied to your houses by the government, these are supplied by the Cloud computing providers according to your requirement and henceforth charged accordingly.

A lot of people use Cloud computing on daily basis and they don’t even know about it. If you use google drive for saving your photos, music or documents then you are using the Google cloud which is a public cloud available to all. Basically, Cloud Computing is a model that helps us in many ways by making our work convenient and accessible from everywhere, quickly shareable, backup and easy data recovery. Here are some ways we use Cloud computing in our regular lives:

  • Storing of our data and recovery of the same at ease
  • Posting stuff on Websites or blogs
  • Stream audio and video
  • Analyse data for patterns and make reports on it which are accessible from anywhere ad need not to be saved on our phones or computer.

Cloud Campuses

How will it Help Campuses?

The number of students is growing each year and with the increase in the number of courses in colleges, this, in turn, demands a lot of manpower to monitor and maintain a smooth flow of work in the Universities. Furthermore, investing in software to maintain the continuous flow of the information can add up to the cost. Therefore, in this situation Cloud computing is a real saviour. A Campus Management Software (CMS) helps in saving resources. It helps to stay connected, access and execute anything from anywhere.

READ MORE: 15 Important Statistics And Facts About Indian Higher Education That You Never Knew

As the universities are realizing the need for a better management system, a lot of them are trying and struggling to adopt a complete cloud computing campus. It helps in cutting the investments on hardware and increases the computing power, storage capacity and accessibility and the exponentially growing data size in scientific instrumentation /simulation and Internet publishing and archiving. In addition to all this, the widespread adoption of services Computing and Web 2.0 applications is another added advantage of cloud computing.

The Cloud Computing will help to reduce the cost of the university but it also requires certain investment for its services and protection of cloud. It is a technological innovation that can totally change the face of the current Indian Higher education and help us perform better by giving us more time and saving on our resources for better and making learning tools available for a larger audience from anywhere. Here are some benefits that the Institutions will have with Cloud Computing:

  • Cloud computing helps the students and teachers to access the saved data without installing it in their systems, and if the offline options are enabled then you can access these files without even an internet connection
  • This also helps the students to be more organised and have a stronger grip on the technology, hence giving them practical knowledge before entering the workforce world.
  • It helps the University to have a faster pace of management and gives them a golden opportunity to try the new method of teaching  and help manage massive projects and workloads quite easily.
  • With cloud computing, universities can open their technology infrastructures to businesses and industries for research advancements.

All in all Cloud Computing is the next big thing that will revolutionize the Indian education system. We hope that the near future will see the face of fully running Cloud campuses

What do you think about this? Do you think India will be fully Cloud computing in the coming years? Let us know in the comments.

Also Read: Re-Skilling Of Education-Technology Platform

Edtech

5 Technologies for Professor’s Bucket list

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technology

In the 21st century, Technology is the modern revolution that is now successfully invading our classrooms. And if you do not wish to be swept away with the Tech-savvy invasion, I’d suggest that the Professors of the modern era do some pre-preparations apart from their courses and ride along the wave of change.

Most professors have accepted this new norm in their classrooms while others are still implementing it into their learning spaces. Though technology does enrich pedagogy providing new methods and making it highly diverse but not everything that’s on the web is beneficial for the students.

Here are a few things that professors should hold onto and be careful of so lets TURN YOUR CLASSROOM TABLES WITH THESE IMPORTANT TECHNOLOGIES

Wikipedia – Is it really flawless?

 If you Google search about Wikipedia then you’ll probably get something like “Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation.” This means that any information it contains at any particular time could be vandalism. Some edits on Wikipedia that are in error are sometimes fixed, however, because Wikipedia cannot monitor contributions made by millions of users, there are many errors that remain unnoticed.

Read Also: All You Need To Know About NCTE (Amendment) Act, 2017 Bill

  However, If an assignment is given the first instinct of your students will be to use information from Wikipedia, if only to gather the background information of the relevant topics. To avoid the use of Wikipedia is to suggest your students use factually correct online platform such as :

    • Google Scholar
    • Factcheck.org
  •          Merriam-Webster

Mobile Devices – Are the teacher’s no. 1 enemy?

 Students are addicted to these small metallic boxes and unlike drugs, there are no rehabs to cure this disease. Then what’s the cure? Why not use this disease wisely, use this technology for good instead of yelling at the students because it isn’t going to work.

A professor would have to be very creative in a way that integrates the technology in the classroom because it gets distracting to the point that it distracts not only to the person using it but to multiple people in the classroom.I’d suggest that you ask your students to shut down their phones during the classes unless you are conducting some debate and want your students to have access “immediate fact check“ and make your classrooms more engaging.

Social Media – Are you connected?

Despite being distracting, social media is one the largest platform to be connected on and mass sharing of information. And it’s unavoidable in modern times so why not be connected with your students? Share articles, work details, homework submissions and reminders on social media with them. Tag them on famous work of professors, artist, researcher of your fields. Open the floor of Facebook and twitter discussions with them.

Read Also: How To Create Google Forms? 6 Ways To Use Google Forms for Teachers

Introduce them with better management of their work with Google Drive and Docs or Save their notes on online platforms like Evernote or Dropbox. Changing times, It’s the duty of professors to use the technology innovatively.

Digital Textbooks – Are your friends in disguise?

With students having access to the Internet 24*7 Digital textbooks are widely replacing the traditional paperback books. It is important for educators to realize this shift. This also helps some students who can’t afford the books. So help your students with providing them appropriate material on the web they can refer to but don’t forget to your roots. Not all students prefer digital textbooks, also it can higher the risk of eyesight issues. Suggest your students use Electronic textbooks outside your classrooms for self-studying and research as they can acquire both visual and audio guidance on the net.

Flipped Classroom – Are you flipped enough?

 In a  Flipped classroom one is supposed to do background learning of a particular topic or skill occurs outside of class time – utilizing technological tools like videos and podcasts to teach the essential skills. This leaves class time free to work collaboratively on the higher-order thinking needed to utilize these skills. Though some researches show that this method is resulting in improved test score it’s necessary to switch back to the traditional learning time to time to have a balance and give attention to each individual.

With these tricks in your pockets, You can crack the Tech- savvy generation and Work with them with ease making your classrooms more engaging and better than ever.

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Edtech

10 Free E-Book Download Sites You Must Know..

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Free E Books

The ease and portability which the reader’s receive with access to eBooks are amazing!!

Now, there is no worry to store and maintain the hard copies, all that is needed is just a smart device to read as many books as desired.

In the 19th century an English author, Martin Tupper wrote, “A good book is the best of friends, the same today and forever.” It’s true; books are not only friendly but also familiar, and loveable. Probably, this is what which explains why it is taking everyone so long to get used to the idea of portable electronic books or free eBook download sites.

Books not only serve as a constant companion in solitude but also serve as food for the mind by stimulating both imagination and creativity. However, buying a new book every time can burn a hole in your pockets. Thankfully there are lots of free books available online, ready to be read or downloaded without costing you a dime!

The ease and portability which the readers’ receive with access to eBooks are amazing. Now, there is no worry to store and maintain the hard copies, all that is needed is just a smart device to read as many books as desired.

With the arrival of a new generation of electronic book readers, the days of the printed word just might be numbered. Free eBook download sites such as the Sony Reader, and Amazon Kindle etc. have started making a great influence on the audiences with a rapid speed.

To know as to how these free eBook download sites work, it’s necessary to know about their benefits, let’s take a closer look at them.

  • Free eBook download sites are good from an environmental perspective. It reduces paper use.
  • These can be produced more quickly than printed books.
  • The readers get to read even very minute topics and events via free ebook download sites.
  • Free eBook download sites are easy to upgrade mistakes and to correct. Also,  information can be easily added.
  • Such sites contribute to the preservation of books. They are ageless.
  • These have high ease of portability.
  • Free eBook download sites defy time: They can be delivered almost immediately.
  • Their production is cheaper. Resulting for the small publishers in competing with media giants.
  • Free ebook download sites can be annotated without damaging the originals.
  • They can include multimedia: still images, moving images and sound.
  • Free eBook download sites are particularly of great importance in science and technology issues. They are posted online and therefore, facilitate the exchange of ideas, proposals and corrective feedback by reducing the number of errors and improving accuracy.

The comforts which free eBook download sites provide have made them easily available for everyone. Below is a list of 10 amazing websites where anyone can easily get eBooks, anytime and that too free of cost!

Read Also: How To Create Google Forms? 6 Ways To Use Google Forms for Teachers

Open library

 

Open Library

The ultimate goal of Open Library is “One web page for every book ever published”.  Open Library is one of the very popular free eBook download sites which serve as a great digital library of Internet sites.

There are millions of free books to read on this website which can be downloaded in other formats such as EPUB, DJVU, MOBI, and PDF. A huge variety for good reading material on varied subjects and genres such as Fantasy, Biographies, History, Medicine, Art, etc. can be searched.

Open Library Features:-

    • Advanced search option as well that enables to search eBooks through the respective titles or authors.

    • Anyone can also search for a particular free book to read online just by entering a favorite/famous line from the book.

    • It is one of those sites which contain an extensive collection of free online books in all almost every category one can think of.

  • Full books can be easily downloaded for free in different formats.

hathi trust

 

Hathi Trust

Hathi Trust is a digital library truly dedicated to the student community.

It comprises the compilation of pre-curated collections of texts on topics such as Ancestry, Manuscripts, and Old Psychology Texts. It has a powerful search option which lets one find free books online in its database through titles or authors. One can read books online on this website without registration; but yes, downloading them requires you to sign up.

Read Also: Explore The Use of Technology In Education

Project gutenburg

 

Project Gutenberg

This is one of those free eBook download sites which has a diversified reading collection for readers. It is a volunteer effort to make books available for free of cost. There are free books available on all types of subjects ranging from Classics to Periodicals and History to Social Sciences. Books can be explored in any genre and downloaded in EPUB, MOBI Kindle, HTML, and simple text format too.

Project Gutenberg Features:-

    • It neither charges any registration fee nor requires you to sign up.

    • Huge archive of over 57,000 free books for downloading.

    • Directly saving eBooks to cloud storing services such as Dropbox, Google Drive, and OneDrive easy access is another perk which this site offers.

    • It is considered best for Classical Novels.

  • It also gives the advantage as same genre books categorized as ‘bookshelves’ for easy browsing.

Bookboon

Bookboon

Bookboon offers free books to read online on every category one can think of. If one is specifically looking for an educational textbook or business book, Bookboon will help to find exactly what is needed. This is one of those free eBook download sites which has thousands of eBooks ready to be downloaded and read. One just needs to visit the free section and enter a few details to download books.

Bookboon Features:-

    • Certainly, this website is easy to navigate and is well categorized.

    • Not only in English, has Bookboon offered texts in other languages such as German, Dutch, Danish, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, Spanish and Czech as well.

  • It is considered best for downloading educational and business books.

feedbooks

 

Feedbooks

Feedbooks offers a colossal collection of original as well as public domain books for free. The website has a clean interface with well-cataloged sections of books ranging from Short Stories, Mystery Novels, Action, Fantasy, History to even Academic Books and much more. Exploring new reading material on Feedbook is easily accessible with the search options. One can find the free books to read on Free Public Domain Books and Free Original Books section

Feedbooks Features:-

Synopsis, pages, word count, reading hours, publishing date, etc. is displayed on the download page of each book.

It has sections like Bestsellers, New Releases and Editorial Reviews which can help anyone to find new books to read online.

It is a Mobile browser friendly website and is fast and easy to navigate.

Read Also: Three Things To Make A Good Teacher

e-books

Free-eBooks

Free-eBooks goes with the tagline, “Read anywhere; anytime.” Good literary works of fiction, non-fiction, and academic texts are offered by this free eBook download site.  Although there is a limit of 5 eBook downloads per month (in PDF format).

Free – eBooks Features:-

    • It contains a featured section which showcases the best eBooks at a particular time and great books of all time.

  • This website offers audiobooks as well.

Libra vox

 

LibriVox

LibriVox is one of those free eBook download sites which is a digital library of free audiobooks.  The free audiobooks are read and downloaded by volunteers that work to release quality recordings of classic books. Even though the concept of audiobooks isn’t technically considered as eBooks, it is surely a great way to enjoy books when one is on the move and keeps one entertained as well.

Librivox Features:-

    • It offers great help for the visually impaired and helps them enjoy great literary works for free.

    • The titles can be downloaded in MP3 format and the links to the eBook versions are also available on each title page.

  • The audio quality is certainly good.

zing

Zing

Zing is one of those free eBook download sites which offers 1000s of fiction and nonfiction eBooks. Thousands of trade book titles which include award-winning titles, books and series from well-known authors, Spanish leveled books, and short texts, poems, and articles are easily accessible and can be read easily by everyone. It can be used on multiple devices like desktops, laptops, tablets or even whiteboards. The up gradation to the personalized learning package can be done to get even more additional features of Zing.

Wikibooks

Wiki books

Wiki books is one of those free eBook download sites which is a collection of open-content textbooks that anyone can edit by clicking on the edit link that appears near the top of each Wikibooks page. If one is looking for non-fiction content, Wikibooks prove to be the best place to begin. As a part of the non-profit organization Wikimedia Foundation, the site hosts an extensive collection of eBooks on various subjects like Humanities, Engineering, Computing, Science, Languages, and other academic topics.

Wiki books Features:-

    • Any User can easily browse books based on any subject from the main page and also see the featured books that are the best books.

  • Certainly, these materials can be used in a traditional classroom, an accredited or respected institution, a home-school environment.

Smashwords

Smashwords

Smashwords is an immense collection of the literary work by Indie authors. This online directory of books offers content created by independent authors and publishers globally. This is one of those free eBook download sites which includes several subject topics and genres such as Adventure, Business, Classics, Fantasy, Fiction, History, Religion, Philosophy and many more.

Smashwords Features:-

    • It is a collection of over 475,000 online eBooks to read and is for those who have a penchant for writing.

  • They can publish their literary work on this platform.

EBooks are certainly the future of libraries. They are not only a collection of digital resources but are also accessible for retrieval over computer networks. They are not only user-friendly and portable but also store a great amount of data and information. Let’s see what technology has in stock for the development of eBooks in the future.

This article is an initiative to save our environment as well as time.

So, we strongly suggest now to use such free ebook download sites. This saves trees which are being sacrificed for paper production. Also many other benefits to us.

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Edtech

Bloom Your Creativity With Bloom’s Taxonomy

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Bloom Taxonomy

Education is one of the basic indicators of the prosperity of any social group. Connotations of the development process of any nation have historically focused on the improvement of standards of living people through activities leading to economic improvement. In this effort, education, in general, and science education, in particular, have attained high importance. Today we are seeing a lot of educators are making reference to Bloom’s Taxonomy. In 1956, Benjamin Bloom published a framework for categorizing educational goals: Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, popularly known as Bloom’s taxonomy, this revolutionary framework has been incorporated by school and higher education educators in their teaching method.

Benjamin Bloom didn’t anticipate inventing this doctrine. When he started developing his taxonomy of educational objectives, his main aim was to locate a common language that educational measurement connoisseurs could use to share findings and exchange test items.

Bloom taxonomy emerged from a series of informal discussions with his friends started at the American Psychological Association in 1948. During that period veterans enrolled in college graduated with more than just lower-level factual knowledge. Educators started considering assessment. Bloom tried to share ideas and test evaluations. Bloom identified four principles that eventually led to the development of the taxonomy. Categories should:

• Be based on student behaviors

• Show logical relationships among the categories

• Sheds a light on the modern understanding of psychological processes

• Describe rather than impose value judgments

The highest three levels of learning according to Bloom was Analysing, synthesizing and evaluating & The lowest three levels were knowledge, comprehension, and application.

The new version of Bloom’s Taxonomy has been converted from noun to the verb forms. Originally, Bloom’s cognitive taxonomy was one dimensional but with the addition of products the Bloom’s taxonomy becomes a two dimensional one. The revised Bloom’s taxonomy places stressed upon its application as a tool for the curriculum planning, Instructional delivery, and assessment. The new taxonomy is the biggest asset and is a sign of profound thinking and is perhaps more accurate.

Today it has become part of the language of teaching. Educators mainly talk about“lower-level “questions. According to them the hierarchy which puts knowledge at the bottom especially knowledge-based questions, especially via recall and retrieval practice are not so productive in nature.

In other ways, you need to teach a lot of facts to instill and reinforce knowledge enough to store it I long-term memory. or you can try them at the beginning but is going to be fruitless. Knowledge followed by recall and retrieval practice is the prime precondition

It was initially set apart in three domains

•  The Cognitive– knowledge-based domain

The Psychomotor– skill based field which is also known as KSA (knowledge, skills, and attitude) or ASK (Attitude, skills, and Knowledge)

The cognitive domain includes knowledge and the development of intellectual skills (Bloom, 1956). This endorses the recall or recognition of specific facts, concepts, and procedural patterns that serve in the empowering of the intellectual abilities and skills. There are six major categories, which are stated below, initiating from the simplest behavior to the most complex.

According to the process one needs to master in the first one in order to go to the next one.

Knowledge

The knowledge level, which is slated at the lowest level of the hierarchy, is defined on the basis of retrieving previously studied material. It often includes key terms, repeating something seen or heard, listing steps in a process.

Comprehension

Comprehension serves the largest category of cognitive skills and abilities. The key proficiency that can be learned at this level is processing new information.

Application

At the application level, a learner should have reached a position to solve a new problem by applying information without having to be assisted. At this level, learner requires to interpret information, demonstrate mastery of a concept, or apply a skill learned.

Analysis

At the Analysis level, learners should have learned to recognize relationships among parts. At this level of the hierarchy, learners are requiring to learn to differentiate, contrasts and compare, criticize, or experiment.

Synthesis

At the synthesis level, learners yearn for creative behavior as learners produce newly constructed and, many times, unique products. At this level of the hierarchy, learners are requiring to create a plan, propose an innovation, design a product, or organize information.

Evaluation

At the evaluation level, learners learn to make judgments about value. At this level of hierarchy learners are required to measure, value, estimate, choose, or revise something, perhaps information, a product—or solve a problem.

The next sphere of learning is effective which speaks about growth in feeling and emotional area. They are in sync with affective is valuing, internalizing, responding and receiving phenomena.

And the third and final sphere of learning is psychomotor which refers to the physical skills, the categories adapt to psychomotor skills are adaptation, origin, perception to name a few.

 Bloom Taxonomy in its various forms represents the process of learning. It has been classified in some case like the Three Story Intellect (Oliver Wendell Holmes and Art Costa), but it still essentially represents how we learn.

Prior understanding a concept, we need to remember it

Prior to applying the concept, we must understand it

Prior to analyzing it, we must be able to apply it

Prior to evaluating its impact, we must have analyzed it

Instructional object analyzing or learning objectives are statements which determines what learners will be able to achieve after completion of a unit of instruction. They help us to decide what learners should learn and how we will know whether they have learned that content. Whenever we write any content, at the outset, we write these objectives to guide the design of the instruction.

These objectives can be aligned with educational outcomes. Suppose that a University is planning to start a training programme to improve the creativity of their students. If the students meet only lower- level objectives, their skill is unlikely to innovate and improve. They might be able to learn a few things about creativity, but to do their job effectively, they must develop the higher order skills to plan and design any new thought.

The significance of Bloom’s Taxonomy lies in its verbs. The verbs associated with each cognitive level establish learners can do to demonstrate what they have learned. The secret of this level is to select verbs that correlate instructional goals with content and assessment. Suppose a university develops a program to improve facilitators skills. If the learning objectives are “List the steps in the methodical process” and “Define training,” the program has a fatal flaw: its objectives are limited to the knowledge level, but its aim includes mastery of higher-order skills that participants may not have learned or practiced. If the objective is limited to the knowledge level and participants must turn to higher-order skills to show mastery.

But there will always be a debate, some will say that you do not require all the stages for each and every task, some will argue about the necessity to reach the apex level for all activities. This should be left to the individual choice. Before we create anything, we must have remembered, understood, applied, analyzed & evaluated.

Implications

Educational implications of Bloom’s Taxonomy include the following:

  1. Bloom’s taxonomy provides a universally effective strategy for delivering all type of content to impart learning.
  2. The taxonomy assists teachers to make decisions about the classification of content.
  3. Bloom’s taxonomy also helps educators to map content tasks that students need to perform.
  4. Bloom’s taxonomy guides educators to instill higher levels of thinking process for critical thinking or creative thinking.
  5. By facilitating taxonomy, a teacher develops questions or projects that require the development of cognitive thinking and reflection from the knowledge level to the evaluation level.
  6. An educator or a syllabus designer designs a curriculum as well as classroom assignment using Bloom’s taxonomy to advance the learning process from recalling learning materials to a higher level of thinking.
  7. An educator motivates the class by assisting his lectures based on Bloom’s Taxonomy.

A Teacher’s Role

The role of teachers everywhere is to guide their students to not only learn basic information but also to them improve cognitive ability. In other words, educators want to help improve their students’ ability to think. They should never promote students to just memorize information. After all, memorizing something is not the same as thinking or understanding or creating any new thing. Helping students to improve their thinking skills isn’t easy, but educators can follow

Bloom’s Taxonomy to help us reach our goal.  Teachers can follow Bloom’s taxonomy by asking questions and delivering assignments that directly correlate with specific learning objectives in each stage of the process, formulating the objectives clear to the student.

Bloom’s Taxonomy can benefit not only academia but also workplaces. From financial models to optimization, students should be nurtured and encouraged to create new ideas. Tonnes of group activities and team-work can promote the exchange of ideas and brainstorming.

Follow this model in the everyday task you undertake and let your hidden talent bloom!

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