Connect with us
http://www.mvpthemes.com/zoxnews/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/zox-leader.png, http://www.mvpthemes.com/zoxnews/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/zox-leader.png

Guest Author

“OOC”Out of College Youth , Human Capital and Higher Education

Published

on

Power To  Empower Youth Through Quality Higher Education


Sudhir Gavhane

Dr. Sudhir Gavhane

Director, National Outreach & Network

Former Dean, Liberal Arts, Science & Commerce

MIT-World: Peace University, Pune, India


Read on our article by Professor Dr Sudhir Gavhane explaining ” OOC ” YOUTH , HUMAN CAPITAL AND HIGHER EDUCATION  and imparting Power To  Empower Youth Through Quality Higher Education

 

” The power of youth is the common wealth for the entire world. The faces of young people are the faces of our past, our present and our future. No segment in the society can match with the power , idealism, enthusiasm and courage of the young people.”

Kailash Satyarthi

Nobel laureate ( Peace) India & Founder,Bachpan Bachav Andolan 

 

Human Capital is more powerful than the capital itself, but most of the corporates and Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) fail to understand this power of Human Capital. They invest hugely on buildings, posh infrastructure, magnificent offices, highly impressive and aesthetically marvelous premises but they don’t invest or reluctant to invest on getting highly talented and experienced human capital by paying them handsome packages and mostly don’t have the policy to retain them. Employees are low paid, not seen experiencing freedom, support and mostly their capabilities are under-utilized. Ultimately it’s a loss to the organization, if they follow such dangerous path of Human Capital Management(HCM). Actually, there is a need to have Human Capital Management department or unit, which top corporate houses have in place. In the higher education sector, it is noticed that the top management is seen not worried at all, though their sincere, hardworking & trusted human capital- staff continuously leave their jobs. They miserably fail to retain them, hence their attrition ratio is too high. It’s not seen that private sector higher education organisations fail to follow concrete retention attempts.

 

OOC

Quality Human Capital is an oxygen for any organisation including higher education and they do not fall from space or from so-called heaven. After all who creates capital? Wealth? It’s an output of competencies of powerful and creative human beings. They only with their training, education, character, passion, and pains generate capital and wealth. Like any monetary capital, if human capital is not utilised properly and optimally, we can’t expect and achieve the desired progress and prosperity. Thus to empower any nation, first, we have to empower its youth by Education, Knowledge, Skills ( EKS) to engage themselves in building their own life and ultimately nation building. Youth population by its talent and energies shapes and reshapes the future of any country. It’s more true about India as our nation is full of the youth population, meaning it’s a storehouse of abundant youth power. What’s needed is to have a roadmap and runway to march towards progress and prosperity by utilising this youth power wisely and creatively. Human capital is the strength of any nation, if their talent and abilities are explored and expanded by giving them appropriate opportunities and professional and life skill training. Higher Education gives you opportunities to discover Yourself, uncover your hidden potential and talent and expand your horizons about your career.

 

My mantra about youth is very simple.

Youth + Quality Higher Education + Skills + Human Values = Empowerment.

 

It’s process of discovery of human potentials and applying them for construction of the future of youth and nation.

If you don’t consider this as the priority before the nation, then this youth force may get itself indulge into destruction, instead of construction and rebuilding of a nation. Any lawfully established democratic Government shouldn’t aim at and strive for Jobless Growth but for “Job Full Growth “.

 


OOC

India: Storehouse of Global youth

 

At present in India, we have 423 million youth population in the age group of 17 to 24 years. The share of the youth population in total population in India is as much as 34.8%(2011). As per the United Nations Population Division India has the highest number of 10 to 24-year young population, which is 242 million, that of China is 185 million. India is expected to have a 34.33% share of youth population by 2020. Therefore, we can say that this youth population of India is and can be its strength and at the same time it can be a serious threat too.

It depends on our decision, whether we want to take advantage of  “Demographic Dividend ” or “Demographic Danger”.

 

Out Of College ( OOC )Youth: 125 million

 

In Country like India, the Gross Enrolment Ratio ( GER) in higher education is near about 25 %.

GER is calculated on the basis of how many percentages of the youth of 18 to 23 age group have entered college for higher education? What does this mean? In the first quarter of the 21st century, In the continental size country like India with 1.2 billion population and going to remain global hub youth population, more than 82% youth of 18 to 23 age group is still Out Of College( OOC). As per the population statistics the youth population of 18 to 23 age group is around 160 million in India and out of them only 35 million youth could reach & enter in college / higher education. Even now in the year 2018, in the vast country like India, what I call “Out Of College” youth ( OOC -Youth ) population is 125 million. This “OOC Youth ” number is huge his I call it an untapped and neglected Human Capital of India.

 

Why I say this because in terms of GER ( Gross Enrolment Ratio) in higher education of the prominent countries in the world such as USA, Sweden, Norway, Finland have their GER around 80% and more. The developed nations’ average GER in higher education is 55% to 60 % and the world average is 38%. It means in the eligible age group of 18 to 23 only this much percentage of youth can get an opportunity for higher education. Others drop out due to socio-economic and cultural reasons and the GER stands for this. Then there is a concept of “Graduation Ratio” meaning out of youth, who have taken admission or entered into colleges and universities, how many percentages of them complete their graduation successfully? That ratio is called as Graduation Ratio. It’s but natural that Graduation ratio in India is going to be lower than GER.

 

OOC

The naked truth of Indian higher education is that,

 

1) Majority youth is Out Of College ( OOC Youth: 82% – 125 million).Their human capital is not appropriately utilised for their own progress and societal and national development. It’s a huge loss to the nation. It becomes the reason for ever-increasing criminality as we are not providing them legitimate jobs and livelihood.

 

2) With the <=25% GER in higher education at present ( which was less than 10 % decade ago), India has given birth to more than 400 million middle class, which is having purchasing power and hence India has become one of the best markets of the globe. Just imagine, if we educate our youth and create the infrastructure required to achieve GER of 50% to 60%  by way of establishing more public and colleges and universities to increase Gross Enrolment Ratio. Higher education is becoming not only costly but also unaffordable to lower class, middle-class families. Hence we need to create quality public universities and even private universities with charitable motives, then only quality higher education can be made available for weaker and middle-class section of our country. This is the investment for creating happy future for the nation and youth.

 

India needs aggressive steps for the expansion of the public higher education system. It is every possibility, that India can achieve high-level GER and massive higher education expansion with quality infrastructure and teachers. The regulatory agencies need to monitor and ascertain whether any college or university has developed required infrastructure and quality and qualified teachers before giving them permission. Then and then only we can do the massive expansion with inbuilt quality.

 

Let’s understand this and plan for the future of our beloved nation India and its youth.

 

Guest Author

Five Major Tips To Become A Better Professor In Business School

Published

on

B-School-Professors


Dr. Pankaj Kumar

Ph.D. (Performance Management Systems), MBA (HR/OB)


Nowadays, there is the increasing number of Business Schools are opening in India, where many Professors are employed. Presenting yourself as a better professor is also a difficult task because every professor is capable to do it himself, but in a business school, mainly five tips should be taken so that we can present and impress well. So read on our article for Five Major Tips to become a Better Professor in Business School.

Perfect grip on our subjects

It is necessary for a competent professor to have knowledge of the subject related to teaching such as Human Resource Management, Marketing, Finance, Operation Management, Tourism Management, etc. When the professor enters in the class, then he/she can deal with the answer to the questions asked by the students. A professor’s knowledge of subject matter enables him to plan lessons and evaluate student’s assignments. To create a lesson plan, professors need to simplify their learning process so that they can access the facts and information about a particular lesson in a skilled manner to the students.

Know our teaching methods

The teaching methods used by a professor such as case studies, role-plays, field studies, lecture methods, assignments, simulations, research-based teaching, etc. For example, the case study teaching method is famous in Harvard Business School. As a management Professor, we should be well advised to implement the teaching methods used by us, and with the knowledge of our subject, we can easily explain our point of view to the students and to solve every problem related to the curriculum.

Always relate your knowledge with the current market

A Management Professor should also have knowledge of business in the market and outside the market, as well as what kind of business works? How to keep the products of the company, customers’ needs, and trends, benefits of that company, etc. If a professor is able to teach his students by connecting market knowledge with the planned content, then the student will be able to adjust himself easily after completing his studies in the future.

Read Also: Rs. 93,847.64 Crore Allocated For Education Sector In the Interim Budget

Engage in diverse conversation

As a professor, we should always be active in our field such as attending conferences, workshops, seminars and also organizing such programs in our university/ school and also should continue in research activities like to publish research papers time to time to update in our subjects, after that we should share it with our students.

Knowledge about your Digital Tools

As a professor, a lot of work such as a project, seminar, assignment, etc. are common. The professor should have good knowledge of technology and their instruments. Yes, because today people are living in the 21st century, which is a period of digitalization. In such a way the professor has a smartphone or tablet, and some good applications like Dropbox, Mendeley, Kindle, Google Scholar, etc., it is capable of delivering more knowledge in less time your students with their work. Professors need to have some technologies in hand to be more efficient and relevant.

Continue Reading

Guest Author

Higher Education Sector: New Trends In Teaching Learning Methodologies ( TLM )

Published

on

Teaching Learning Methodologies

Sudhir Gavhane

Prof. Dr. Sudhir Gavhane

Director, National Outreach & Network

Former Dean, Liberal Arts, Science & Commerce

MIT-World: Peace University, Pune, India


Read on our article by Professor Dr Sudhir Gavhane elaborating on the new trends in TLM –  Teaching Learning Methodologies and its advancing impact in the higher education sector in general.

The change is the heart of the world and nature. However, the pace of change we are experiencing at present is an unprecedented one. We are now the fastest moving human society, facing its all complexities, with an unpredictable future. We are living in the society of which driving force is technology, thus we are part of technology-driven society. Most importantly digital technologies and their applications are generating “disruptive innovations”, which are change makers in its true sense. Digital innovations are responsible for digital revolutions and these digital revolutions have changed even our global economy into Digital Economy. The disciplines of Humanities (arts, drama, music, literature, paintings, media etc.) are now renamed as the Digital Humanities. Due to this technology-driven changes, education & higher education sector to is changing, not only this it is becoming the originator or source of unpredictable change. This is the unpredictable time aligned with unpredictable opportunities.

In this ever-changing and fastest moving environment conventional path of “Teaching and Learning Methodology (TLM) ” is now an outdated one. There is a disconnect between knowledge acquired and real-life problems. Critical thinking is missing and applying knowledge to solve problems is never thought of. Most of the engineering graduates are in business management and not in core engineering activities. There is no direct connection between what you learn and what you practice. Employability of our graduates is going down. Our human capital is not being considered as the capital but a liability on our society and family.

In the light of this background, globally new kinds of TLMs are designed to re-engineer our human capital to make them useful to society and themselves. They are aimed at filling the gap between theory and praxis. Higher education institutions must change themselves and change their systems from show to substance, then and then only there will be acceptance by society at large.

These new TLMs are as follows:

 Service-Based Learning (SBL):

Every student of every HEI (Higher education Institute) must prove herself or himself as a committed person of society. If you want to create socially and nationally connected and conscious citizen, serving society must be a part of mandatory TLM. There should be credits assigned for this and earning satisfaction and pleasure must be part of the curriculum. Many SBL micro assignments can be worked out which is nothing but “learning by Doing”.

Research-Based Learning (RBL)

Today is the age of knowledge. Knowledge has become the engine of economic growth and prosperity. The generation of knowledge is only possible through Research and Development (R&D). Therefore, it’s an international trend now that even undergraduate students are given assignments to do research. Learning through research is something unique and not practised largely in India. I know that there are examples around the world that, even at the age of 19 undergraduate students have got their own patents. Why can’t we imagine this scenario in India and other developing countries? We need to imbibe research culture among our generation next. Indian higher education institutions must modify their curriculum to incorporate RBL.

Project Based Learning (PBL):

There is always a question, which comes to our mind about our new generation graduates. The said question is about, why our millennial are problem creators, instead of problem solvers? Why are universities and colleges are not able to equip our students with skills and competencies to solve the problems of our present society? Higher education is not for creating problems but to solve these. The Problem Based Learning (PBL). In this system of learning, students on their own identity problems of our society and by applying their mind and knowledge they provide solutions to the problem. This is what meaningful higher education is.! “Learning to Work and Working to Learn” is the mantra. Our colleges and universities must begin with baby steps in this direction.

Continue Reading

Guest Author

ACADEMIC FREEDOM: Does It Exist In India?

Published

on

Academic freedom

Dr. Kamlesh Misra

Former Vice Chancellor, Ansal University


Do you remember the times when you were little and were learning the Indian mythology or just watching Doordarshan every evening? And in one of those evenings, you learned how Eklavya cut his thumb for his “Guru” Dronacharya without even bothering to ask one question about his actions. At that age, we were also taught that our teachers or “Guru” get placed next to Gods and were indispensable for students.

That may not be the case now, though teachers still hold a distinctive place in every student’s life. They can either devise or destroy their life.

But is it exactly the case in the current scenario?

What is Academic Freedom?

Academic freedom is a term defining which is not simple despite its simplicity. This idea is designed such that the teachers are given the freedom to have different opinions or ideology in their thought processes. They are given the right to challenge the existing wisdom without any fear of being tried by the Administrator or having to face any repercussions later that may cause problems in their careers.

This was the case until the 1960s in India and the teachers around that time were very reputed and respected by all. But over the time, the Indian Higher Education system has witnessed something entirely different. Teachers have started falling from grace and their reliability is also questioned by many. And to some extent, we can blame the teachers themselves for drifting away from their missions as a teacher. But these teachers are not the only one who is wrong, the government also shares this blame. The interference of the government in the educational institutions is also a big driving force for this shift.

 

What is Academic Freedom Now in the Modern World?

In the modern world, the term “academic freedom” should be progressed simultaneously with globalization. In this process of transition, over the years, academic freedom has been misused and abused like never before. The teachers nowadays are using it not to improve the quality of education but to abuse the freedom given by the system. How does having the freedom to be in the office or not being in office relate to academic freedom? When questions are asked about their teaching they say my academic freedom is being questioned.

Read also: Why Teaching Jobs Are Considered So Underrated??

Like a good student, does their homework on time, attend every class and before every class pre-prepare for the class. A good teacher is expected to do the same routine before a lesson. Earlier the teachers used to follow this method, hence the classes were more engaging and a lot fewer students availed to tutors outside the classrooms unlike now. These days a lot of teachers don’t prepare for their lessons and just go and teach what they know. Hence the level of education is not progressing but with passing time just degrading. And if a student asks a question outside their parameters of thinking then these teachers are unfair to these students and won’t let go of their ego. As a teacher they hold a lot of powers over the student’s life, one of the major power is providing a student with their score.  They will even tell students that if they want good grades then they will have to fall in line as per their requirements.

The concept of academic freedom can be further examined in the light of globalization and new challenges posed to higher education.

Another thing that we should put light on regarding this issue is also the lack of teachers in the Indian Higher Education System. This is also a major reason for this shift. Not only this makes the system less innovative but also burdens certain teachers with the responsibility towards the development of the education sector. Coupled with this is the fact that we have a lot of people who have not been successful in the industry getting into teaching. I call this the residual impact. Furthermore, we also have teachers that only want to become teachers when they have completed their first innings in the industry.

The other challenge is the uprising privatization, hence, there is an urgent need for academic freedom as an important key to ensure the developing standards of the Higher Education in India. The state and the private sector need to recognize that the creation of knowledge and development of the higher education sector cannot take place without recognizing academic freedom only if these powers are not abused by the teachers.

If we look closely at the system then the situation is quite alarming. Only 20% of the University teacher are the ones who seemed determined to work for the betterment of the system and are real teachers. The rest of them are wearing double-faced like hiding behind the face of a teacher and playing politics in the education industry.

The freedom given to these teacher has only harmed the industry very deeply. In recent years, academic freedom has not produced any phenomenal results nor has led to any deeper knowledge than the existing. Yes in some of the centers of excellence like the IIC, BARC, TIFR there have been great levels of contribution but they are only exceptions to the rule.

The basic essence of academic freedom has been lost over time.

And if the government with the academicians make a move to create more accountability, then the teachers union protest against it.

And this abuse of power, students, and education will continue until the teachers themselves reflect on this situation. This is only a setback until the time the teachers in universities and colleges realize their responsibilities. They are not only molding the lives of the students but also the lives of the entire generation of this nation. And building a nation is the utmost important task, a task more important than a running a million dollar company. Education is not only in the interest of a teacher and a student, but it is also for everyone.

A major transformation is needed. It is the call of the hour and it only and only possible if the teachers work for it themselves. The teachers need to shoulder their responsibilities properly. The teacher has the capacity to rise against all odds and the setbacks and work for the declining standard of the education and make Indian Education system great again. What do you think? Is this the scenario right now or not?

Do you think the teachers will realize this and change their way of teaching?

More by Dr. Kamlesh Mishra: Universities: National or Local?

Continue Reading

Trending

%d bloggers like this: